Backup and restore MySQL

Backup and restore will be necessary when you are going to switch MySQL versions. Each version has its own data directory and is fully indepentend of other versions. In case you want to switch to a different version, but still want to have your MySQL databases present, you must first backup the databases of your current version and import them into the new version.

There are multiple ways to backup and restore. Chose the one which is most convenient for you.

Table of Contents

Backup

There are many different options to backup your MySQL database including some for the command line and some for using the Web interface. The recommended and fastest method is to use mysqldump-secure, as it will also add info files (*.info) to each database recording checksums, dump date, dump options as well as the server version it came from.

Mysqldump-secure

mysqldump-secure is bundled, setup and ready to use in every PHP container. You can run it without any arguments and it will dump each available database as a separated compressed file. Backups will be located in ./backups/mysql/ inside the Devilbox git directory or in /shared/backups/mysql/ inside the PHP container.

To have your backups in place is just three commands away:

# Navigate to the Devilbox directory
host> cd path/to/devilbox

# Enter the PHP container
host> ./shell.sh

# Run mysqldump-secure
devilbox@php-7.1.6 in /shared/httpd $ mysqldump-secure

[INFO]  (OPT): Logging enabled
[INFO]  (OPT): MySQL SSL connection disabled
[INFO]  (OPT): Compression enabled
[INFO]  (OPT): Encryption disabled
[INFO]  (OPT): Deletion disabled
[INFO]  (OPT): Nagios log disabled
[INFO]  (OPT): Info files enabled
[INFO]  (SQL): 1/3 Skipping: information_schema (DB is ignored)
[INFO]  (SQL): 2/3 Dumping:  mysql (0.66 MB)  1 sec (0.13 MB)
[INFO]  (SQL): 3/3 Skipping: performance_schema (DB is ignored)
[OK]    Finished successfully

List backups

Let’s see where to find the backups inside the PHP container:

# Navigate to the Devilbox directory
host> cd path/to/devilbox

# Enter the PHP container
host> ./shell.sh

# Show directory output
devilbox@php-7.1.6 in /shared/httpd $ ls -l /shared/backups/mysql/

-rw-r--r-- 1 devilbox 136751 Jun 17 13:31 2017-06-17_13-31__mysql.sql.gz
-rw-r--r-- 1 devilbox   2269 Jun 17 13:31 2017-06-17_13-31__mysql.sql.gz.info

Let’s do the same again and see where to find the backups in the Devilbox git directory

# Navigate to the Devilbox directory
host> cd path/to/devilbox

# Show directory output
host> ls -l backups/mysql/

-rw-r--r-- 1 cytopia 136751 Jun 17 13:31 2017-06-17_13-31__mysql.sql.gz
-rw-r--r-- 1 cytopia   2269 Jun 17 13:31 2017-06-17_13-31__mysql.sql.gz.info

*.info files

The *.info file will hold many useful information in case you need to debug any problems occured during backups. Let’s have a look at one of them:

host> cat ./backups/mysql/2017-06-17_13-31__mysql.sql.gz.info
2017-06-17_13-31__mysql.sql.gz.info
; mysqldump-secure backup record
; Do not alter this file!
; Creation of this file can be turned off via config file.

; ============================================================
; = Local system information
; ============================================================
[mysqldump-secure]
version    = /usr/local/bin/mysqldump-secure (0.16.3)
vdate      = 2016-08-18
config     = /etc/mysqldump-secure.conf

[system]
uname      = Linux 4.4.0-79-generic
hostname   =
user       = devilbox
group      = devilbox

[tools]
mysqldump  = /usr/bin/mysqldump (10.14 Distrib 5.5.52-MariaDB) [for Linux (x86_64)]
mysql      = /usr/bin/mysql (15.1 Distrib 5.5.52-MariaDB) [for Linux (x86_64) using readline 5.1]
compressor = /usr/bin/gzip (gzip 1.5)
encryptor  = Not used

; ============================================================
; = Database / File information
; ============================================================
[database]
db_name    = mysql
db_size    = 687326 Bytes (0.66 MB)
tbl_cnt    = 30

[file]
file_path  = /shared/backups/mysql
file_name  = 2017-06-17_13-31__mysql.sql.gz
file_size  = 136751 Bytes (0.13 MB)
file_chmod = 0644
file_owner = devilbox
file_group = devilbox
file_mtime = 1497699116 (2017-06-17 13:31:56 CEST [+0200])
file_md5   = 8d1a6c38f81c691bc4b490e7024a4f72
file_sha   = 11fb85282ea866dfc69d29dc02a0418bebfea30e7e566c3c588a50987aceac2f

; ============================================================
; = Dump procedure information
; ============================================================
[mysqldump]
encrypted  = 0
compressed = 1
arguments  = --opt --default-character-set=utf8 --events --triggers --routines --hex-blob --complete-insert --extended-insert --compress --lock-tables  --skip-quick
duration   = 1 sec

[compression]
compressor = gzip
arguments  = -9 --stdout

[encryption]
encryptor  =
algorithm  =
pubkey     =

; ============================================================
; = Server information
; ============================================================
[connection]
protocol   = mysql via TCP/IP
secured    = No SSL
arguments  = --defaults-file=/etc/mysqldump-secure.cnf

[server]
hostname   = 001b3750b549
port       = 3306
replica    = master
version    = MariaDB 10.1.23-MariaDB MariaDB Server

mysqldump

mysqldump is bundled with each PHP container and ready to use. To backup a database named my_db_name follow the below listed example which shows you how to do that from within the PHP container:

# Navigate to the Devilbox directory
host> cd path/to/devilbox

# Enter the PHP container
host> ./shell.sh

# Start the backup
devilbox@php-7.1.6 in /shared/httpd $ mysqldump -h mysql -u root -p my_db_name > /shared/backups/mysql/my_db_name.sql

To find out more about the configuration and options of mysqldump, visit its project page under: mysqldump

phpMyAdmin

If you do not like to use the command line for backups, you can use phpRedMin . It comes bundled with the devilbox intranet.

Adminer

If you do not like to use the command line for backups, you can use Adminer . It comes bundled with the devilbox intranet.

Restore

mysql

In order to restore or import mysql databases on the command line, you need to use the mysql binary. Here are a few examples for different file types:

*.sql file

# Navigate to the Devilbox directory
host> cd path/to/devilbox

# Enter the PHP container
host> ./shell.sh

# Start the import
devilbox@php-7.1.6 in /shared/httpd $ mysql -h mysql -u root -p my_db_name < /shared/backups/mysql/my_db_name.sql

*.sql.gz file

# Navigate to the Devilbox directory
host> cd path/to/devilbox

# Enter the PHP container
host> ./shell.sh

# Start the import
devilbox@php-7.1.6 in /shared/httpd $ zcat /shared/backups/mysql/my_db_name.sql.gz | mysql -h mysql -u root -p my_db_name

*.sql.tar.gz file

# Navigate to the Devilbox directory
host> cd path/to/devilbox

# Enter the PHP container
host> ./shell.sh

# Start the import
devilbox@php-7.1.6 in /shared/httpd $ tar xzOf /shared/backups/mysql/my_db_name.sql.tar.gz | mysql -h mysql -u root -p my_db_name

phpMyAdmin

phpRedMin supports importing many different formats out-of-the-box. Simply select the compressed or uncompressed file and press Go in the import section of the web interface.

Adminer

Adminer supports importing of plain (*.sql) or gzipped compressed (*.sql.gz) files out-of-the-box. Simply select the compressed or uncompressed file and press Execute in the import section of the web interface.